Cardiogenic shock is a rare life-threatening condition in which the heart suddenly becomes unable to pump enough blood to meet the needs of the body and, in particular, noble organs such as the brain and kidneys.
The most common cause is a heart attack.
Technically, cardiogenic shock is the condition in which there is a significant reduction in cardiac output (the volume of blood that the right and left ventricles are able to expel in one minute) following a problem with the heart.
The most common cause is a heart attack ( heart attack ), but other conditions that can cause cardiogenic shock include:
The signs and symptoms of cardiogenic shock are variables depending on the extent of the drop in blood pressure and how rapidly this occurs; it is, therefore, possible to initially develop only mild ailments that gradually worsen, as well as suddenly lose consciousness.
Lowering blood pressure can in itself cause dizziness, confusion , and nausea, but doctors may also feel a weak or irregular pulse, often accompanied by tachycardia (increased heart rate ).
The patient may also develop:
Cardiogenic shock is a medical emergency that requires immediate hospital care because delicate and sensitive organs such as the brain and kidneys no longer receive adequate amounts of oxygenated blood.
Untreated cardiogenic shock is fatal; in the event of a timely diagnosis, mortality, unfortunately, remains very high, for example following a heart attack equal to 60-65%.
The diagnosis of shock is clinical, that is, conducted through a medical examination alone, through observation of symptoms, and the measurement of blood pressure (the maximum, systolic, is generally less than 90 mm / Hg).
It is then possible to resort to numerous instrumental and laboratory tests to paint a clearer picture of the situation and the causes that led to the state of shock:
Cardiogenic shock is a life-threatening condition that requires rapid diagnosis and emergency medical treatment to support or restore blood flow thereby preventing organ damage.
In parallel, it is necessary to identify the triggering cause to intervene in its correction.
The prevention of cardiogenic shock is substantially comparable to that of heart attack and cardiovascular diseases in general: